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The Importance of Underwater Fish Habitats

The Importance of Underwater Fish Habitats
By Brad Metzler

Fish use underwater debris for protection, hunting grounds and spawning. Common debris used as fish habitats include stumps, fallen trees, rocks and branches. Over time, the debris can deteriorate and appropriate fish habitats can diminish. This reduces the fish population that a lake can support. In many lakes, habitat conservation efforts have been put into practice to help keep up the fish population. If you are looking to create a fish habitat in your own lake or pond, you can do so by simply keeping a few things in mind.

Traditionally, fishermen have thrown their Christmas trees near their pier or boating docks to help create a natural fish habitat. This can help the fish find places to hide and ambush their prey. It can make fishing off of your pier very enjoyable because there should be a lot of fish regularly hanging around the area. But, it can also be frustrating to constantly get your hooks stuck in the brush. If you intend to fish the area, then you should consider using materials that will not snag your hooks and lures very easily. The Honey Hole Tree is a good option for a permanent fixture.

If you choose to make your own, consider using something like PVC pipe. It will not snag your hook and it can be easily removed if you choose to take it out. Algae should grow on it over time and provide good cover for the fish. Keep in mind that PVC can damage passing boats if they are not aware that it is there. Do not put this type of habitat in public waters where boaters might pass over it. Although PVC structures are easily visible on fish finder displays, you do not want to be responsible for damage caused to the boats of unsuspecting drivers.

Fishermen have been experimenting with attracting more fish to their favorite spots for years. They have tried lots of things like milk crates, truck tires, trash cans and even old bike frames. All of these things can make a great fish habitat, but you need to think of the purpose. If your purpose is to help the pond or lake support more fish, then your mission is accomplished. If you want to fish in this area, then you will likely run into a few snags.

Using natural brush and logs will likely attract the most fish, but again there is the problem of snags plus the added problem of oxygen depletion that happens when wood decays in the water. Using synthetics can solve your problem. Try sticking to soft, pliable materials that will not damage passing boats. If you can also make your creation look a lot like a real plant, with limbs and such, then it will attract even more fish.

Whether you are fishing from the bank, your pier or your mini pontoon boat, you will enjoy the abundance of fish that your habitat attracts. Plus, you can feel good about helping to support the fish population in your favorite pond or lake.

Brad Metzler is the owner of Pond King Inc., an industry leader in the production and sale of Pontoon Boats, Mini Pontoon Boats, Floating Docks, Honey Hole Trees, and Turtle Traps. Pond King Inc. also consists of Lake and Pond Managment Professionals that are dedicated to finding the most economical solutions and strategies for your fish stocking needs. For more information, please visit

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